装修施工哪些地方需要做防水? - 疑问解答
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为什么卫浴间要做防水?
  Why do bathrooms have to be waterproof?
  卫浴间防水是家装防水最重要的组成局部。卫浴间渗漏会给业主的生活带来极大的懊恼——顶板的污水顺着管道、板缝流下来,洇湿顶板墙面,从而形成墙皮粉化、瓷砖零落;防水翻修施工艰难,干扰正常生活,不但费心费钱,还容易形成邻里关系慌张。
  Waterproofing in bathroom is the most important part of waterproofing in home decoration. Leakage between bathrooms will bring great annoyance to the owners'lives - the sewage from the roof flows down the pipeline and slab joints, wetting the roof walls, resulting in powdered walls and scattered tiles; difficult waterproof renovation construction, interfering with normal life, not only painstaking and costly, but also easy to form panic in neighborhood relations.
  为什么厨房也要做防水?
  Why does the kitchen have to be waterproof?
  目前开发商在厨房根本上都不布置地漏,水直接由下水道流走。但擦洗空中及洗刷外溅使厨房长期处于湿润的环境中,水会经过地砖接缝透过水泥砂浆浸润整个墙体, 水汽又会经过橱柜与墙体衔接的启齿处渗入橱柜,招致板材变形。同时,湿润的环境会引发用电平安。因而,厨房防水马虎不得。
  At present, developers do not arrange floor leakage in the kitchen at all, and water flows directly from the sewer. However, the kitchen has been in a humid environment for a long time by scrubbing the air and splashing. Water will infiltrate the whole wall through the joints of floor tiles and cement mortar. Water vapor will penetrate into the cabinet through the opening of the joints between the cabinet and the wall, causing the deformation of the board. At the same time, the wet environment will lead to safe use of electricity. Therefore, the kitchen waterproof sloppy.
  防水施工流程及规范有哪些?
  What are the waterproof construction procedures and specifications?
  (1)不要破坏原有防水层
  (1) Do not destroy the original waterproof layer
  原有防水层在重新装修时易被破坏,假如不及时修补,日后会发作渗漏,殃及邻里。所以在装修时要留意维护防水层,若不当心破坏,要实时修补,以免留下隐患。
  The original waterproof layer is easy to be damaged in the renovation. If it is not repaired in time, leakage will occur in the future, endangering the neighborhood. Therefore, when decorating, we should pay attention to the maintenance of waterproof layer, if not carefully destroyed, we should repair it in real time, in order to avoid leaving hidden dangers.
  (2)铺地砖前要再做地上防水
  (2) Waterproofing the floor before laying floor tiles
  在做防水之前,要将地上打扫洁净,最好用聚合物防水浆料均匀涂抹,待24小时干透后再铺地砖。墙与地上之间的接缝及上下水之间的管道地上接缝处,最容易呈现渗漏问题,倡议用柔韧型防水涂料,涂料要涂抹到位。
  Before waterproofing, the floor should be cleaned and cleaned. It is best to apply polymer waterproofing slurry evenly, and then lay floor tiles after 24 hours of drying. The joint between the wall and the ground and the joint between the upper and lower water pipelines on the ground are most likely to present leakage problems. Flexible waterproof paint is recommended, and the paint should be smeared in place.
  (3)墙面防水
  (3) Waterproof wall
  在洗澡时水会溅到临近的墙上,假如墙面上没有防水层,近邻墙和对顶角墙易潮湿发作霉变。
  When taking a bath, water will splash on the adjacent wall. If there is no waterproof layer on the wall, the adjacent wall and the corner wall are prone to damp and mildew.
  所以要在铺墙面瓷砖之前,做好墙面防水。普通防水处置中墙面要做30 厘米高的防水处置,非承重的轻体墙要将整面墙做防水,至少要做到1.8米高。
济南家装装修公司
  So before laying wall tiles, do a good job of wall waterproofing. In ordinary waterproofing treatment, the wall should be waterproofed at a height of 30 centimeters, and the whole wall should be waterproofed at least to 1.8 meters.
  与洗澡位置临近的墙面防水也要做到1.8米高,若运用浴缸,与浴缸相邻的墙面 防水涂料的高度要高于浴缸的上沿。
  The wall waterproofing near the bathroom location should also be 1.8 meters high. If the bathtub is used, the height of the wall waterproofing paint adjacent to the bathtub is higher than the upper edge of the bathtub.
  (4)防水验收
  (4) Waterproof acceptance
  在防水工程做完后,封好门口及下水口,在卫生间地上蓄满水抵达既定水面高度,并做上记号,24小时内水面若无清楚降落,楼下住家的房顶没有发作渗漏,防水就做及格了。如验收不及格,防水工程必需全部重做,再重新停止验收。
  After the waterproofing works are completed, the doors and sewers are sealed, the bathroom floor is filled with water to reach the established water surface height, and the water surface is marked. If the water surface does not fall clearly within 24 hours, the roof of the downstairs house does not leak, the waterproofing will pass. If the acceptance fails, the waterproofing project must be completely redone, and then stop acceptance again.
  墙体防水施工的验收,应承受淋水实验,即用水管在做好防水的墙面上自上而下不连续喷淋3分钟,4小时后观察墙体的另一侧能否会呈现渗透现象,无渗透现象即为墙面防水施工验收及格。
  The acceptance of wall waterproofing construction should be subject to waterproofing test, that is, the water pipe sprays discontinuously from top to bottom for 3 minutes, and after 4 hours, observes whether the other side of the wall will show infiltration phenomenon. The non-infiltration phenomenon is the pass of wall waterproofing construction acceptance.
  防水层施工规范
  Code for Construction of Waterproof Layer
  防水涂料满涂,无遗漏,与基层粘结结实,无气泡,无裂纹,无脱层,外表平整,卷起部位涂刷高度根本分歧平均,厚度须满足产品规则的请求。
  Waterproof coatings are fully coated, no omissions, strong bonding with the base, no bubbles, no cracks, no delamination, smooth appearance, basic difference of painting height of roll-up parts, thickness must meet the requirements of product rules.


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